Hangi ingilizce?

Dünya’nın en güzel geyiklerinden bir tanesi “amerikan ingilizcesi ile ingiliz ingilizcesi” karşılaştırmasıdır. Aslında amerikan dili daha doğru bir tabir olsa da -ki o kıtayı dolduran adamların içinde kocaman bir ingiliz topluluğu olduğunu düşünürsek- bana göre aslolan dil, ingilizlerin kullandığıdır.

Velev ki amerikan dilinin kendisini farklılaştırdığını heap edelim. Alttaki tablo, kısmen de olsa enteresan dil ve kelime farklılıklarını ortaya koyabiliyor.

American English British English
911 (help) 999 (help)
account bill/account
adhesive tape sticking plaster
aisle gangway
antenna aerial (radio/TV)
apartment hotel service flats
apartment house block of flats
apartment/unit flat
baby bed/crib cot/crib
baby carriage/baby buggy pram (perambulator)
back-up lights reversing lights
baggage room left luggage office
balcony (theater) gallery
barette hairslide
baseboard skirting board
bathrobe dressing gown
bathtub bath (noun)
bell pepper green pepper
bill banknote
billfold wallet
billion = thousand million billion = million million
blinker (car) winker/indicator
bobbie pin hair grip/kirby grip
bomb (disaster) bomb (success)
booth (telephone) kiosk (telephone/cigarette)
boots wellies
brainstorm (noun) mind in a muddle
broil grill (verb)
broken/twisted wonky
buffet sideboard
bureau/dresser chest of drawers
business suit lounge suite
call collect reverse charges
call/phone ring up/phone
can tin
candy chocolate/sweets
candy sweets/chocolate
candy store sweetshop/confectioner
caravan convoy
carnival fair (fun)
change purse purse
charged (goods bought) put down/entered (goods bought)
check (restaurant) bill
checkers draughts
cheese cloth butter muslin/cheese cloth
chicory endive
chintz-sprigged material chintzy
chintzy on the cheap
chips (potato) crisps
city or municipal government corporation
closet cupboard
closet (hanging clothes) wardrobe
clothes pin clothes peg
coat check cloakroom
collar button collar stud
collar stay collar stiffener
comforter eiderdown
community garden allotment
conductor (train) guard (railway)
connect (telephone) put through (telephone)
cookie biscuit (sweet)
corn starch cornflour
cotton balls cotton wool
cotton candy candy floss
cracker biscuit (unsweetened)
crazy mad
cream of wheat semolina
cream or sugar? (in coffee/tea) black or white? (in coffee/tea)
crosswalk zebra crossing
cuffs (pants) turn-ups (trousers)
custom made bespoke/made to measure
davenport/couch sofa
dead-end cul-de-sac
deck (cards) pack
delivery truck van
denatured alcohol methylated spirits
derby bowler/hard hat
desk clerk receptionist
dessert pudding/dessert
detour diversion
diaper nappy
dime store/five and ten Woolworths
dish detergent washing up liquid
dishes, do the wash up
divided highway dual carriageway
down town centre (city/business)
draft conscription
drapes curtains
dresser/bureau chest of drawers
druggist chemist
drugstore/pharmacy chemist’s shop
drygoods store draper
dumbstruck/amazed gobsmacked
dump (noun & verb) tip (noun and verb)
dungarees jeans
dungarees/jeans blue jeans
duplex semi-detached
editorial (newspaper) leader (newspaper)
eggplant aubergine
electric cord/wire flex
elevator lift
endive chicory
eraser rubber/india rubber
eyeball (verb) visually position
faculty staff (academic)
fair (fun) fete
fall autumn
faucet tap
fender wing/mudguard
first balcony upper circle
first floor ground floor
flashlight torch/flashlight
floor lamp standard lamp
floorwalker shopwalker
freeway/super highway motorway
freight truck (railway) goods truck (railway)
French fries chips
freshman (undergraduate) 1st year undergraduate
front desk (hotel) reception (hotel)
garbage can/ash can/ trash can dustbin/bin
garbage/trash rubbish
garter belt suspender belt
garters suspenders
gas petrol
gas station filling station
gear shift gear lever
generator dynamo
German shepherd/ police dog alsation
goose bumps goose pimples
green thumb green fingers
ground wire earth wire/earth
hamburger bun bap
hamburger meat mince
hardware store ironmonger
hat check cloakroom attendant
homely-ugly homely-pleasant
hood (car) bonnet (car)
hope chest bottom drawer
hotdog bun bridge roll
housewares hardware
hutch Welsh dresser
incorporated limited (company)
information/directory assistance directory enquiries
intermission interval
jail gaol
janitor caretaker/porter
jelly roll Swiss roll
jump rope skipping rope
junior (undergraduate) 3rd year (school)
kerosene paraffin
knickers plus-fours
knock up make pregnant/put in the family way
laundry detergent washing up powder
lawyer/attorney solicitor
lease/rent let
legal holiday bank holiday
licence plate number plate
lima bean broad bean
line (noun) queue (noun)
line-up (police) identification parade
liquor spirits (drink)
liquor store off licence/wine merchant
liverwurst liver sausage
living room sitting room/lounge/ drawing room/living room
lobby/foyer foyer
long distance trunk call
lost and found lost property
love seat settee
lumber room box room
mad/angry angry
mail box/mail drop pillar box
mail carrier postman
mail (noun and verb) post (noun and verb)
make reservation book
meat grinder mincer
median strip/divider (road) central reservation
mezzanine/loge dress circle
mind in a muddle brainstorm (had a)
molasses black treacle
monkeywrench/wrench spanner
motorbike moped
motorcycle motorbike/motorcycle
movie film
movie house/theatre cinema
moving van pantechnicon/removal van
moving van removal van
Mr. Esq./Mr
muffler silencer
mutual fund unit trust
newsdealer/news stand newsagent
nice brilliant
nightstick truncheon
nipple (baby’s bottle) teat (baby’s bottle)
notions haberdashery
odometer mileometer
office (doctor’s/dentist’s) surgery (doctor’s/dentist’s)
oilpan (car) sump (car)
one way ticket single ticket
one-family house detached (housing)
orchestra seats stalls (theatre)
outlet/socket point/power point
overalls dungarees
overpass fly-over
pacifier dummy
package parcel
pantry larder
pants/slacks trousers/slacks
panty hose tights
parka anorak
parking lot car park
pass (vehicle, etc.) overtake/pass (vehicle)
pavement road
pay settle up
penitentiary prison
period (punctuation) full-stop
person-to-person personal call
phonograph/record player gramophone/record player
ping pong paddle bat
pit (fruit) stone (fruit)
pitcher jug
pollywog tadpole
popsicle iced lolly
pot holders/gloves oven gloves/cloth
powdered sugar/ confectioner’s sugar icing sugar
precinct district
president (business) chairman
principal headmaster/mistress
private schoo/ public school/private school
public school state school
pullman/sleeper sleeping car
pump courtshoe
purse/pocket book handbag
raincheck postponement
raincoat mackintosh
raisin sultana
Realtor/real estate agent estate agent
rearview mirror wing mirror
recess break (school)
rest area/pull-off (road) lay-by
rest room loo
rest room/toilet/ comfort station/ladies or men’s room public convenience (outdoors)
restroom toilet/cloakroom (indoors)
rhinestone diamante’
roast joint (meat)
robin (large red-breastedbird, symbol of 1st day of spring) robin (small red-breasted bird, symbol of Christmas)
roller coaster big dipper
roomer lodger
round trip ticket return ticket
rubber contraceptive
rubber cement cow gum
rubbing alcohol surgical spirit
run (for public office) stand (for public office)
rutabaga/turnip swede
sales clerk shop assistant
scab blackleg
scallion spring onion (similar)
schedule time-table
scotch tape/cellophane sellotape
scratch pad scribbling pad/block
second floor first floor
sedan saloon car
semester (school-two in a year) term (academic -three in a year)
senior (undergraduate) 4th year (school)
sewer pipe/soil pipe drain (indoor)
shade (window) blind (window)
sherbet ice/sorbet
shoestring bootlace/shoelace
shopping cart trolley
shorts (underwear) pants
shorts/jockey shorts briefs
shot (injection) jab
shredded (as in coconut) desiccated (as iin coconut)
sideburns sideboards
sidewalk pavement/footpath
sled sledge/toboggan
slice (bacon) rasher (bacon)
slingshot catapult
smoked herring kipper
snaps press studs
sneakers/tennis shoes gym shoes/plimsolls/ tennis shoes/trainers
soccer football/soccer
soda cracker cream cracker
sophomore (undergraduate) 2nd year (school)
spatula/pancake turner fish slice
spool cotton reel
squash (similar) marrow (similar)
stand in line/line up queue (verb)
station wagon estate car
stop lights/traffic signals/stop signals traffic lights
stove cooker
straight (drink) neat (drink)
stroller pushchair
sub-division housing estate
subway tube/underground
suspenders braces
sweater/pullover jumper/sweater/pullover
tag label
teacart tea trolley
Texas gate cattle grid
thread cotton
thumbtack drawing pin
tic-tac-toe noughts and crosses
time payment/instalment plan hire purchase
toilet/john/bathroom lavatory/toilet/w.c./loo
top (car) roof/hood
traffic circle roundabout/island (road)
trailer truck articulated lorry
trailer/camper/mobile home/recreation vehicle caravan
tricky (to do) fiddly
truck lorry
trunk (car) boot (car)
tube valve (radio)
two weeks fortnight
undershirt vest
underwear (washing) smalls (washing)
vacation holiday
vacation holiday
vacuum cleaner hoover (noun)
vacuum (verb) hoover (verb)
valence pelmet
vest waistcoat
wake up (verb) knock up (verb)
wall to wall fitted carpet/wall to wall
warm up (tennis) knock up (tennis)
wash up wash your hands
washcloth face flannel
water heater (electric) immersion heater (electric)
water heater (gas) geyser
weather stripping draught excluder
wharf/pier quay
windbreaker windcheater
windshield windscreen
wire telegram
with or without? (milk/cream in coffee) black or white?
yard garden
zee (letter z) zed (letter z)
zero nought
zip code postal code
zucchini courgettes

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